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causes of child labour in ghana

The use of child labour has risen in cocoa farms in Ghana and Ivory Coast over the past decade despite industry promises to reduce it, academics said on Monday, largely supporting earlier findings that were questioned by both states. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Current causes of global child labor are similar to its causes in the U.S. 100 years ago, including poverty, limited access to education, repression of workers’ rights, and limited prohibitions on child labor. Low aspirations by parents and children is a major cause of child labour because in such a situation, being employed in a local factory, or selling grocery in the streets is the normal way of life. The 60 participants included government officials, representatives from NGOs, and both parents whose children were involved in child labour and parents whose children were not involved. Mostly, all parental participants highlighted socialisation/culture as the main cause of child labour, while also pointing to other causes such as poverty and lack of mechanisation. Child labor (regular participation in the labor force to earn a living or supplement household income) prevents children from participating in school. This paper recommends that child labour must be tackled in a coordinated manner on a cross-sectoral basis and there is the need to adopt policies that would address the category of work that falls within worst forms of child labour (WFCL). ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. The study focuses on parental perceptions of causes of child labour in rural and urban areas of Ghana. Whilst child labour by both boys and girls takes many different forms, the elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour (WFCL) as defined by Article 3 of the ILO Convention No. These two go hand in hand. But it said the proportion of children from agricultural households in cocoa growing areas that are engaged in child labour in the cocoa sector across Ivory Coast and Ghana had increased to 45% in 2018/19 from 31% in 2008/09. The research is grounded on Concurrent Parallel mixed methods research design. Work that is likely to harm the health, safety, or morals of children is categorized as hazardous by the ILO. The research is grounded on qualitative research techniques by specifically utilising in-depth interviews, focus groups, and participant observation to collect the necessary data for the study. The major reasons being poverty and overpopulation. Child labor refers to work that threatens children’s health and safety or deprives their right to education (Herring). In this approach, the data gathering happened in Phases 1 and 2 of the research study at the research sites in rural areas, and urban areas. Negative Effects Of Child Labor In Ghana 1583 Words | 7 Pages. The link between economic deprivation and child labour must be considered. The convention calls for immediate prohibition of the WFCL, enacting laws, regulations and standards. A major study into progress on industry measures put in place to tackle child labour in key cocoa supply chains in Ghana and Ivory Coast, has found that while inroads have been made, there is a significant volume of work remaining, writes Neill Barston. Child labour has a multiplicity of causes including socialisation and poverty. The levels were higher than in 2010 when companies including Mars, Hershey, Nestle and Cargill agreed to reduce the worst forms of child labour in Ghana … Press release. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Child labour; the effect on child, causes and remedies to the revolving menace 1 Introduction For many years, child labour has been one of the biggest obstacles to social development. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. In the Lake Volta region, children as young as four are sent to live with relatives in hope of learning a trade. Causes of Child Labor. The research is grounded on qualitative research techniques by specifically utilising in-depth interviews, focus groups, and participant observation to collect the necessary data for the study. This paper finds that the socio-cultural contexts of child labour play a critical role in children's involvement in farming in the rural area while poverty also contributes to children's engagement in artisanal fishing work in the slum urban communities in Ghana. In Ghana, one in six children aged six to 14 are involved in child labor. This paper recommends that child labour must be tackled in a coordinated manner on a cross-sectoral basis and there is the need to adopt policies that would address the category of work that falls within worst forms of child labour (WFCL). To these types of children and parents, success only belongs to a certain region or group of people. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. It is a challenge and long-term goal in many countries to abolish all forms of child labour. In this approach, the data gathering happened in Phases 1 and 2 of the research study at the research sites in rural areas, and urban areas. The link between economic deprivation and child labour must be considered. Of all children in Ghana aged 5 to17 years, about 21 per cent are involved in child labour and 14 per cent are engaged in hazardous forms of labour. The research is grounded on qualitative research techniques by specifically utilising in-depth interviews, focus groups, and participant observation to collect the necessary data for the study. Eighty-eight percent of them work on farms; another 2.3 percent in fishing. The study focuses on parental perceptions of causes of child labour in rural and urban areas of Ghana. Poor families tend to have more children, and when earnings of a sole person do not suffice, young children are forced to take up jobs wherever they can. Many people in Takoradi are unaware of the alarming effects of child labour in Ghana. (Child Labour in Africa, 2006) Children works at earlier age in Ghana and farm labor predominates. This paper recommends the adoption of policies that would address WFCL. Over population, poverty, parental illiteracy, lack of proper education, urbanization and availability of cheap child labour are some common causes of wide-spread child labour. 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